1.18 Community Wellbeing

Indicator 1.18 - Community Wellbeing


Here you can find information about crime rate in East Iceland compared to national average and traffic accident rate at selected routes in East Iceland.




Results


a. Rate of crimes for financial gain, violent crimes and and vandalism per capita  at East Iceland police precincts and Nationally


Figure 1. Rate of crimes for financial gain per 10,000 inhabitants in East Iceland compared to country as a whole.Figure 1. Rate of crimes for financial gain per 10,000 inhabitants in East Iceland compared to country as a whole.




Figure 2. Rate of violent crimes pr. 10.000 inhabitants in east Iceland compared to country as a whole.Figure 2. Rate of violent crimes per 10,000 inhabitants in East Iceland compared to country as a whole.






Figure 3. Rate of destruction of property crimes per 10,000 inhabitants in East Iceland compared to country as a whole.Figure 3. Rate of destruction of property crimes per 10,000 inhabitants in East Iceland compared to country as a whole.





Source: National Commissioner of the Icelandic Police, Crime statistics, 2003-2014.
Updated:  14-10-2015



b. Number of accidents per km on selected roads

Figure 4: Accident rate per million driven kilometers on selected routes in East Iceland.

The routes are:

  •      Egilsstaðir town – Reyðarfjörður fjord
  •      Fáskrúðsfjörður fjord – Reyðarfjörður fjord
  •      Egilsstaðir town – Hallormsstaðaskógur woods
  •      Reyðarfjörður fjord - Norðfjörður fjord


Click here for table view of the results

Source:  The Icelandic Road and Coastal Administration retrieved September 30 2015 from http://www.vegagerdin.is/upplysingar-og-utgafa/umferdaroryggismal/slysatidni/ Delegated via email August 10th 2016

Updated:  15-8-2016



c. Number of drug violations per capita in local communities compared with national average.


Figure 5. Number of drug offences per capita at East Iceland police precincts and Nationally






Source: National Commissioner of the Icelandic Police, Crime statistics, 2003-2014.
Updated:  14-10-2015

Metrics, Targets and Monitoring Protocol


Metrics: What is measured? 

  1. Number of crimes for financial gains, assaults and vandalism per capita in East Iceland and nationally. (Project effect: induced).
  2. Number of accidents per km on selected roads. (Project effect: induced):
    1. Road between Egilsstadir and Reydarfjordur.
    2. Road between Faskrudsfjordur and Reydarfjordur.
    3. Road from Egilsstadir to Hallormsstadaskogur.
  3. Number of drug violations per capita in local communities compared with national average. (Project effect: induced).

Targets 

  1. East Iceland crime rate lower than the national per capita crime rate.
  2. Accident rate (per million km driven) less than or equal to the baseline. The accident rate is determined from number of accidents and km drivens that are monitored. Surveillance system established and run by the Public Road Authority.
  3. Number of violations (per 10,000 inhabitants) less than or equal to the baseline.

Monitoring Protocol

  1. The National Commissioner of Police publishes reports with crime rates, broken down by police districts, on its website. Every incident is registered.
  2. Information about accidents per km on selected roads is collected by the Public Road Authority, that has meters counting the number of cars passing on different roads. Information is gathered by automatic counting.
  3. From police reports.


Possible countermeasures

Not applicable, monitoring only.


Rationale for Indicator Selection



Crime is often the result of a society that is unstable and not socially cohesive. Crime rate, measured by crimes per capita, can be a useful indicator for measuring social wellbeing and the safety of a community.

Inhabitants of a community with a low crime rate will experience higher quality of life and social cohesion than a community experiencing high crime rates. Alcoa and Landsvirkjun have had a social impact on the region by attracting new workers and inhabitants to the area. Monitoring levels of crime helps to indicate the degree of long-term stability in the areas.

The Alcoa and Landsvirkjun projects will also increase the numbers of cars in the Fljótsdalur and Fjardaal areas due to employees driving to/from the sites as well as commercial traffic delivering supplies and raw materials to the projects. Monitoring the occurrence of traffic accidents on specific roads associated with the projects will help indicate overall traffic safety so accident mitigation measures could be implemented, if necessary.